Delicious Bookmark this on Delicious Share on Facebook SlashdotSlashdot It! Digg! Digg

PHP : Function Reference : mSQL Functions

mSQL Functions


These functions allow you to access mSQL database servers. More information about mSQL can be found at »


In order to have these functions available, you must compile PHP with msql support by using the --with-msql[=DIR] option. DIR is the mSQL base install directory, defaults to /usr/local/msql3.

Note to Win32 Users:

In order for this extension to work, there are DLL files that must be available to the Windows system PATH. See the FAQ titled "How do I add my PHP directory to the PATH on Windows" for information on how to do this. Although copying DLL files from the PHP folder into the Windows system directory also works (because the system directory is by default in the systems PATH), it is not recommended. This extension requires the following files to be in the PATH: msql.dll

Runtime Configuration

The behaviour of these functions is affected by settings in php.ini.

Table 176. mSQL configuration options

Name Default Changeable Changelog
msql.allow_persistent "1" PHP_INI_ALL  
msql.max_persistent "-1" PHP_INI_ALL  
msql.max_links "-1" PHP_INI_ALL  

For further details and definitions of the PHP_INI_* constants, see the Appendix I, php.ini directives.

Here's a short explanation of the configuration directives.

msql.allow_persistent boolean

Whether to allow persistent mSQL connections.

msql.max_persistent integer

The maximum number of persistent mSQL connections per process.

msql.max_links integer

The maximum number of mSQL connections per process, including persistent connections.

Resource Types

There are two resource types used in the mSQL module. The first one is the link identifier for a database connection, the second a resource which holds the result of a query.

Predefined Constants

The constants below are defined by this extension, and will only be available when the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime.

MSQL_ASSOC (integer)
MSQL_NUM (integer)
MSQL_BOTH (integer)


This simple example shows how to connect, execute a query, print resulting rows and disconnect from a mSQL database.

Example 1380. mSQL usage example

/* Connecting, selecting database */
$link = msql_connect('localhost', 'username', 'password')
   or die(
'Could not connect : ' . msql_error($link));

msql_select_db('database', $link)
   or die(
'Could not select database');

/* Issue SQL query */
$query = 'SELECT * FROM my_table';
$result = msql_query($query, $link) or die('Query failed : ' . msql_error());

/* Printing results in HTML */
echo "<table>\n";
while (
$row = msql_fetch_array($result, MSQL_ASSOC)) {
   foreach (
$row as $col_value) {

/* Free result set */

/* Close connection */

Table of Contents

msql_affected_rows — Returns number of affected rows
msql_close — Close mSQL connection
msql_connect — Open mSQL connection
msql_create_db — Create mSQL database
msql_createdb — Alias of msql_create_db()
msql_data_seek — Move internal row pointer
msql_db_query — Send mSQL query
msql_dbname — Alias of msql_result()
msql_drop_db — Drop (delete) mSQL database
msql_error — Returns error message of last msql call
msql_fetch_array — Fetch row as array
msql_fetch_field — Get field information
msql_fetch_object — Fetch row as object
msql_fetch_row — Get row as enumerated array
msql_field_flags — Get field flags
msql_field_len — Get field length
msql_field_name — Get the name of the specified field in a result
msql_field_seek — Set field offset
msql_field_table — Get table name for field
msql_field_type — Get field type
msql_fieldflags — Alias of msql_field_flags()
msql_fieldlen — Alias of msql_field_len()
msql_fieldname — Alias of msql_field_name()
msql_fieldtable — Alias of msql_field_table()
msql_fieldtype — Alias of msql_field_type()
msql_free_result — Free result memory
msql_list_dbs — List mSQL databases on server
msql_list_fields — List result fields
msql_list_tables — List tables in an mSQL database
msql_num_fields — Get number of fields in result
msql_num_rows — Get number of rows in result
msql_numfields — Alias of msql_num_fields()
msql_numrows — Alias of msql_num_rows()
msql_pconnect — Open persistent mSQL connection
msql_query — Send mSQL query
msql_regcase — Alias of sql_regcase()
msql_result — Get result data
msql_select_db — Select mSQL database
msql_tablename — Alias of msql_result()
msql — Alias of msql_db_query()

Code Examples / Notes » ref.msql


To those porting code from w3-msql/lite to php, a few functions are different or missing (aside from the fact that the order of arguments is reversed and the other signatures are different...not good design work, imho, or was it built for msql 1.x?  At any rate, conformity with the C and Lite API should have been maintained.).
The lite/C function msqlStoreResult() is automatically done in msql_query() and msql().  
msql_fetch_field() doesn't give you the field length value (unlike msqlFetchField()).  You have to call msql_fieldlen() to get that.
msqlEncode() is missing.  The functionality (which is needed for pretty much ALL SQL based rdbms's) is in addSlashes() in the String library.

Change Language

Follow Navioo On Twitter
.NET Functions
Apache-specific Functions
Alternative PHP Cache
Advanced PHP debugger
Array Functions
Aspell functions [deprecated]
BBCode Functions
BCMath Arbitrary Precision Mathematics Functions
PHP bytecode Compiler
Bzip2 Compression Functions
Calendar Functions
CCVS API Functions [deprecated]
Class/Object Functions
Classkit Functions
ClibPDF Functions [deprecated]
COM and .Net (Windows)
Crack Functions
Character Type Functions
Cybercash Payment Functions
Credit Mutuel CyberMUT functions
Cyrus IMAP administration Functions
Date and Time Functions
DB++ Functions
Database (dbm-style) Abstraction Layer Functions
dBase Functions
DBM Functions [deprecated]
dbx Functions
Direct IO Functions
Directory Functions
DOM Functions
DOM XML Functions
enchant Functions
Error Handling and Logging Functions
Exif Functions
Expect Functions
File Alteration Monitor Functions
Forms Data Format Functions
Fileinfo Functions
filePro Functions
Filesystem Functions
Filter Functions
Firebird/InterBase Functions
Firebird/Interbase Functions (PDO_FIREBIRD)
FriBiDi Functions
FrontBase Functions
FTP Functions
Function Handling Functions
GeoIP Functions
Gettext Functions
GMP Functions
gnupg Functions
Haru PDF Functions
hash Functions
Hyperwave Functions
Hyperwave API Functions
i18n Functions
IBM Functions (PDO_IBM)
iconv Functions
ID3 Functions
IIS Administration Functions
Image Functions
Imagick Image Library
Informix Functions
Informix Functions (PDO_INFORMIX)
Ingres II Functions
IRC Gateway Functions
PHP / Java Integration
JSON Functions
LDAP Functions
libxml Functions
Lotus Notes Functions
LZF Functions
Mail Functions
Mailparse Functions
Mathematical Functions
MaxDB PHP Extension
MCAL Functions
Mcrypt Encryption Functions
MCVE (Monetra) Payment Functions
Memcache Functions
Mhash Functions
Mimetype Functions
Ming functions for Flash
Miscellaneous Functions
mnoGoSearch Functions
Microsoft SQL Server Functions
Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Functions (PDO_DBLIB)
Mohawk Software Session Handler Functions
mSQL Functions
Multibyte String Functions
muscat Functions
MySQL Functions
MySQL Functions (PDO_MYSQL)
MySQL Improved Extension
Ncurses Terminal Screen Control Functions
Network Functions
Newt Functions
NSAPI-specific Functions
Object Aggregation/Composition Functions
Object property and method call overloading
Oracle Functions
ODBC Functions (Unified)
ODBC and DB2 Functions (PDO_ODBC)
OpenAL Audio Bindings
OpenSSL Functions
Oracle Functions [deprecated]
Oracle Functions (PDO_OCI)
Output Control Functions
Ovrimos SQL Functions
Paradox File Access
Parsekit Functions
Process Control Functions
Regular Expression Functions (Perl-Compatible)
PDF Functions
PDO Functions
Phar archive stream and classes
PHP Options&Information
POSIX Functions
Regular Expression Functions (POSIX Extended)
PostgreSQL Functions
PostgreSQL Functions (PDO_PGSQL)
Printer Functions
Program Execution Functions
PostScript document creation
Pspell Functions
qtdom Functions
Rar Functions
GNU Readline
GNU Recode Functions
RPM Header Reading Functions
runkit Functions
SAM - Simple Asynchronous Messaging
Satellite CORBA client extension [deprecated]
SCA Functions
SDO Functions
SDO XML Data Access Service Functions
SDO Relational Data Access Service Functions
SESAM Database Functions
PostgreSQL Session Save Handler
Session Handling Functions
Shared Memory Functions
SimpleXML functions
SNMP Functions
SOAP Functions
Socket Functions
Standard PHP Library (SPL) Functions
SQLite Functions
SQLite Functions (PDO_SQLITE)
Secure Shell2 Functions
Statistics Functions
Stream Functions
String Functions
Subversion Functions
Shockwave Flash Functions
Swish Functions
Sybase Functions
TCP Wrappers Functions
Tidy Functions
Tokenizer Functions
Unicode Functions
URL Functions
Variable Handling Functions
Verisign Payflow Pro Functions
vpopmail Functions
W32api Functions
WDDX Functions
win32ps Functions
win32service Functions
xattr Functions
xdiff Functions
XML Parser Functions
XML-RPC Functions
XMLReader functions
XMLWriter Functions
XSL functions
XSLT Functions
YAZ Functions
YP/NIS Functions
Zip File Functions
Zlib Compression Functions
eXTReMe Tracker