Delicious Bookmark this on Delicious Share on Facebook SlashdotSlashdot It! Digg! Digg

PHP : Function Reference : Hyperwave Functions

Hyperwave Functions


Hyperwave has been developed at » IICM in Graz. It started with the name Hyper-G and changed to Hyperwave when it was commercialised (in 1996).

Hyperwave is not free software. The current version, 5.5 is available at » A time limited version can be ordered for free (30 days).

See also the Hyperwave API module.

Hyperwave is an information system similar to a database (HIS, Hyperwave Information Server). Its focus is the storage and management of documents. A document can be any possible piece of data that may as well be stored in file. Each document is accompanied by its object record. The object record contains meta data for the document. The meta data is a list of attributes which can be extended by the user. Certain attributes are always set by the Hyperwave server, other may be modified by the user. An attribute is a name/value pair of the form name=value. The complete object record contains as many of those pairs as the user likes. The name of an attribute does not have to be unique, e.g. a title may appear several times within an object record. This makes sense if you want to specify a title in several languages. In such a case there is a convention, that each title value is preceded by the two letter language abbreviation followed by a colon, e.g. 'en:Title in English' or 'ge:Titel in deutsch'. Other attributes like a description or keywords are potential candidates. You may also replace the language abbreviation by any other string as long as it separated by colon from the rest of the attribute value.

Each object record has native a string representation with each name/value pair separated by a newline. The Hyperwave extension also knows a second representation which is an associated array with the attribute name being the key. Multilingual attribute values itself form another associated array with the key being the language abbreviation. Actually any multiple attribute forms an associated array with the string left to the colon in the attribute value being the key. (This is not fully implemented. Only the attributes Title, Description and Keyword are treated properly yet.)

Besides the documents, all hyper links contained in a document are stored as object records as well. Hyper links which are in a document will be removed from it and stored as individual objects, when the document is inserted into the database. The object record of the link contains information about where it starts and where it ends. In order to gain the original document you will have to retrieve the plain document without the links and the list of links and reinsert them. The functions hw_pipedocument() and hw_gettext() do this for you. The advantage of separating links from the document is obvious. Once a document to which a link is pointing to changes its name, the link can easily be modified accordingly. The document containing the link is not affected at all. You may even add a link to a document without modifying the document itself.

Saying that hw_pipedocument() and hw_gettext() do the link insertion automatically is not as simple as it sounds. Inserting links implies a certain hierarchy of the documents. On a web server this is given by the file system, but Hyperwave has its own hierarchy and names do not reflect the position of an object in that hierarchy. Therefore creation of links first of all requires a mapping from the Hyperwave hierarchy and namespace into a web hierarchy respective web namespace. The fundamental difference between Hyperwave and the web is the clear distinction between names and hierarchy in Hyperwave. The name does not contain any information about the objects position in the hierarchy. In the web the name also contains the information on where the object is located in the hierarchy. This leads to two possibles ways of mapping. Either the Hyperwave hierarchy and name of the Hyperwave object is reflected in the URL or the name only. To make things simple the second approach is used. Hyperwave object with name my_object is mapped to http://host/my_object disregarding where it resides in the Hyperwave hierarchy. An object with name parent/my_object could be the child of my_object in the Hyperwave hierarchy, though in a web namespace it appears to be just the opposite and the user might get confused. This can only be prevented by selecting reasonable object names.

Having made this decision a second problem arises. How do you involve PHP? The URL http://host/my_object will not call any PHP script unless you tell your web server to rewrite it to e.g. http://host/php_script/my_object and the script php_script evaluates the $PATH_INFO variable and retrieves the object with name my_object from the Hyperwave server. Their is just one little drawback which can be fixed easily. Rewriting any URL would not allow any access to other document on the web server. A PHP script for searching in the Hyperwave server would be impossible. Therefore you will need at least a second rewriting rule to exclude certain URLs like all e.g. starting with http://host/Hyperwave This is basically sharing of a namespace by the web and Hyperwave server.

Based on the above mechanism links are insert into documents.

It gets more complicated if PHP is not run as a server module or CGI script but as a standalone application e.g. to dump the content of the Hyperwave server on a CD-ROM. In such a case it makes sense to retain the Hyperwave hierarchy and map in onto the file system. This conflicts with the object names if they reflect its own hierarchy (e.g. by choosing names including '/'). Therefore '/' has to be replaced by another character, e.g. '_'.

The network protocol to communicate with the Hyperwave server is called » HG-CSP (Hyper-G Client/Server Protocol). It is based on messages to initiate certain actions, e.g. get object record. In early versions of the Hyperwave Server two native clients (Harmony, Amadeus) were provided for communication with the server. Those two disappeared when Hyperwave was commercialised. As a replacement a so called wavemaster was provided. The wavemaster is like a protocol converter from HTTP to HG-CSP. The idea is to do all the administration of the database and visualisation of documents by a web interface. The wavemaster implements a set of placeholders for certain actions to customise the interface. This set of placeholders is called the PLACE Language. PLACE lacks a lot of features of a real programming language and any extension to it only enlarges the list of placeholders. This has led to the use of JavaScript which IMO does not make life easier.

Adding Hyperwave support to PHP should fill in the gap of a missing programming language for interface customisation. It implements all the messages as defined by the HG-CSP but also provides more powerful commands to e.g. retrieve complete documents.

Hyperwave has its own terminology to name certain pieces of information. This has widely been taken over and extended. Almost all functions operate on one of the following data types.

  • object ID: A unique integer value for each object in the Hyperwave server. It is also one of the attributes of the object record (ObjectID). Object ids are often used as an input parameter to specify an object.
  • object record: A string with attribute-value pairs of the form attribute=value. The pairs are separated by a carriage return from each other. An object record can easily be converted into an object array with hw_object2array(). Several functions return object records. The names of those functions end with obj.
  • object array: An associative array with all attributes of an object. The keys are the attribute names. If an attribute occurs more than once in an object record it will result in another indexed or associative array. Attributes which are language depended (like the title, keyword, description) will form an associative array with the keys set to the language abbreviations. All other multiple attributes will form an indexed array. PHP functions never return object arrays.
  • hw_document: This is a complete new data type which holds the actual document, e.g. HTML, PDF etc. It is somewhat optimized for HTML documents but may be used for any format.

Several functions which return an array of object records do also return an associative array with statistical information about them. The array is the last element of the object record array. The statistical array contains the following entries:

Number of object records with attribute PresentationHints set to Hidden.
Number of object records with attribute PresentationHints set to CollectionHead.
Number of object records with attribute PresentationHints set to FullCollectionHead.
Index in array of object records with attribute PresentationHints set to CollectionHead.
Index in array of object records with attribute PresentationHints set to FullCollectionHead.
Total: Number of object records.


This extension needs a Hyperwave server downloadable from »


This » PECL extension is not bundled with PHP.

In order to use these functions you must compile PHP with Hyperwave support by using the --with-hyperwave[=DIR] configure option.

Windows users will enable php_hyperwave.dll inside of php.ini in order to use these functions. The DLL for this PECL extension may be downloaded from either the » PHP Downloads page or from »

Integration with Apache

The Hyperwave extension is best used when PHP is compiled as an Apache module. In such a case the underlying Hyperwave server can be hidden from users almost completely if Apache uses its rewriting engine. The following instructions will explain this.

Since PHP with Hyperwave support built into Apache is intended to replace the native Hyperwave solution based on Wavemaster, we will assume that the Apache server will only serve as a Hyperwave web interface for these examples. This is not necessary but it simplifies the configuration. The concept is quite simple. First of all you need a PHP script which evaluates the $_ENV['PATH_INFO'] variable and treats its value as the name of a Hyperwave object. Let's call this script 'Hyperwave'. The URL http://your.hostname/Hyperwave/name_of_object would than return the Hyperwave object with the name 'name_of_object'. Depending on the type of the object the script has to react accordingly. If it is a collection, it will probably return a list of children. If it is a document it will return the mime type and the content. A slight improvement can be achieved if the Apache rewriting engine is used. From the users point of view it would be more straight forward if the URL http://your.hostname/name_of_object would return the object. The rewriting rule is quite easy:

RewriteRule ^/(.*) /usr/local/apache/htdocs/HyperWave/$1 [L]

Now every URL relates to an object in the Hyperwave server. This causes a simple to solve problem. There is no way to execute a different script, e.g. for searching, than the 'Hyperwave' script. This can be fixed with another rewriting rule like the following:

RewriteRule ^/hw/(.*) /usr/local/apache/htdocs/hw/$1 [L]

This will reserve the directory /usr/local/apache/htdocs/hw for additional scripts and other files. Just make sure this rule is evaluated before the one above. There is just a little drawback: all Hyperwave objects whose name starts with 'hw/' will be shadowed. So, make sure you don't use such names. If you need more directories, e.g. for images just add more rules or place them all in one directory. Before you put those instructions, don't forget to turn on the rewriting engine with

RewriteEngine on

You will need scripts:

  • to return the object itself
  • to allow searching
  • to identify yourself
  • to set your profile
  • one for each additional function like to show the object attributes, to show information about users, to show the status of the server, etc.

As an alternative to the Rewrite Engine, you can also consider using the Apache ErrorDocument directive, but be aware, that ErrorDocument redirected pages cannot receive POST data.

Runtime Configuration

The behaviour of these functions is affected by settings in php.ini.

Table 122. Hyperwave configuration options

Name Default Changeable Changelog
hyperwave.allow_persistent "0" PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 4.3.2. Removed in PHP 5.0.0.
hyperwave.default_port "418" PHP_INI_ALL Removed in PHP 5.0.0.

For further details and definitions of the PHP_INI_* constants, see the Appendix I, php.ini directives.

Resource Types

This extension has no resource types defined.

Predefined Constants

The constants below are defined by this extension, and will only be available when the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime.

HW_ATTR_LANG (integer)
HW_ATTR_NR (integer)
HW_ATTR_NONE (integer)


There are still some things to do:

  • The hw_InsertDocument has to be split into hw_insertobject() and hw_putdocument().
  • The names of several functions are not fixed, yet.
  • Most functions require the current connection as its first parameter. This leads to a lot of typing, which is quite often not necessary if there is just one open connection. A default connection will improve this.
  • Conversion form object record into object array needs to handle any multiple attribute.

Table of Contents

hw_Array2Objrec — Convert attributes from object array to object record
hw_changeobject — Changes attributes of an object (obsolete)
hw_Children — Object ids of children
hw_ChildrenObj — Object records of children
hw_Close — Closes the Hyperwave connection
hw_Connect — Opens a connection
hw_connection_info — Prints information about the connection to Hyperwave server
hw_cp — Copies objects
hw_Deleteobject — Deletes object
hw_DocByAnchor — Object id object belonging to anchor
hw_DocByAnchorObj — Object record object belonging to anchor
hw_Document_Attributes — Object record of hw_document
hw_Document_BodyTag — Body tag of hw_document
hw_Document_Content — Returns content of hw_document
hw_Document_SetContent — Sets/replaces content of hw_document
hw_Document_Size — Size of hw_document
hw_dummy — Hyperwave dummy function
hw_EditText — Retrieve text document
hw_Error — Error number
hw_ErrorMsg — Returns error message
hw_Free_Document — Frees hw_document
hw_GetAnchors — Object ids of anchors of document
hw_GetAnchorsObj — Object records of anchors of document
hw_GetAndLock — Return object record and lock object
hw_GetChildColl — Object ids of child collections
hw_GetChildCollObj — Object records of child collections
hw_GetChildDocColl — Object ids of child documents of collection
hw_GetChildDocCollObj — Object records of child documents of collection
hw_GetObject — Object record
hw_GetObjectByQuery — Search object
hw_GetObjectByQueryColl — Search object in collection
hw_GetObjectByQueryCollObj — Search object in collection
hw_GetObjectByQueryObj — Search object
hw_GetParents — Object ids of parents
hw_GetParentsObj — Object records of parents
hw_getrellink — Get link from source to dest relative to rootid
hw_GetRemote — Gets a remote document
hw_getremotechildren — Gets children of remote document
hw_GetSrcByDestObj — Returns anchors pointing at object
hw_GetText — Retrieve text document
hw_getusername — Name of currently logged in user
hw_Identify — Identifies as user
hw_InCollections — Check if object ids in collections
hw_Info — Info about connection
hw_InsColl — Insert collection
hw_InsDoc — Insert document
hw_insertanchors — Inserts only anchors into text
hw_InsertDocument — Upload any document
hw_InsertObject — Inserts an object record
hw_mapid — Maps global id on virtual local id
hw_Modifyobject — Modifies object record
hw_mv — Moves objects
hw_New_Document — Create new document
hw_objrec2array — Convert attributes from object record to object array
hw_Output_Document — Prints hw_document
hw_pConnect — Make a persistent database connection
hw_PipeDocument — Retrieve any document
hw_Root — Root object id
hw_setlinkroot — Set the id to which links are calculated
hw_stat — Returns status string
hw_Unlock — Unlock object
hw_Who — List of currently logged in users

Change Language

Follow Navioo On Twitter
.NET Functions
Apache-specific Functions
Alternative PHP Cache
Advanced PHP debugger
Array Functions
Aspell functions [deprecated]
BBCode Functions
BCMath Arbitrary Precision Mathematics Functions
PHP bytecode Compiler
Bzip2 Compression Functions
Calendar Functions
CCVS API Functions [deprecated]
Class/Object Functions
Classkit Functions
ClibPDF Functions [deprecated]
COM and .Net (Windows)
Crack Functions
Character Type Functions
Cybercash Payment Functions
Credit Mutuel CyberMUT functions
Cyrus IMAP administration Functions
Date and Time Functions
DB++ Functions
Database (dbm-style) Abstraction Layer Functions
dBase Functions
DBM Functions [deprecated]
dbx Functions
Direct IO Functions
Directory Functions
DOM Functions
DOM XML Functions
enchant Functions
Error Handling and Logging Functions
Exif Functions
Expect Functions
File Alteration Monitor Functions
Forms Data Format Functions
Fileinfo Functions
filePro Functions
Filesystem Functions
Filter Functions
Firebird/InterBase Functions
Firebird/Interbase Functions (PDO_FIREBIRD)
FriBiDi Functions
FrontBase Functions
FTP Functions
Function Handling Functions
GeoIP Functions
Gettext Functions
GMP Functions
gnupg Functions
Haru PDF Functions
hash Functions
Hyperwave Functions
Hyperwave API Functions
i18n Functions
IBM Functions (PDO_IBM)
iconv Functions
ID3 Functions
IIS Administration Functions
Image Functions
Imagick Image Library
Informix Functions
Informix Functions (PDO_INFORMIX)
Ingres II Functions
IRC Gateway Functions
PHP / Java Integration
JSON Functions
LDAP Functions
libxml Functions
Lotus Notes Functions
LZF Functions
Mail Functions
Mailparse Functions
Mathematical Functions
MaxDB PHP Extension
MCAL Functions
Mcrypt Encryption Functions
MCVE (Monetra) Payment Functions
Memcache Functions
Mhash Functions
Mimetype Functions
Ming functions for Flash
Miscellaneous Functions
mnoGoSearch Functions
Microsoft SQL Server Functions
Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Functions (PDO_DBLIB)
Mohawk Software Session Handler Functions
mSQL Functions
Multibyte String Functions
muscat Functions
MySQL Functions
MySQL Functions (PDO_MYSQL)
MySQL Improved Extension
Ncurses Terminal Screen Control Functions
Network Functions
Newt Functions
NSAPI-specific Functions
Object Aggregation/Composition Functions
Object property and method call overloading
Oracle Functions
ODBC Functions (Unified)
ODBC and DB2 Functions (PDO_ODBC)
OpenAL Audio Bindings
OpenSSL Functions
Oracle Functions [deprecated]
Oracle Functions (PDO_OCI)
Output Control Functions
Ovrimos SQL Functions
Paradox File Access
Parsekit Functions
Process Control Functions
Regular Expression Functions (Perl-Compatible)
PDF Functions
PDO Functions
Phar archive stream and classes
PHP Options&Information
POSIX Functions
Regular Expression Functions (POSIX Extended)
PostgreSQL Functions
PostgreSQL Functions (PDO_PGSQL)
Printer Functions
Program Execution Functions
PostScript document creation
Pspell Functions
qtdom Functions
Rar Functions
GNU Readline
GNU Recode Functions
RPM Header Reading Functions
runkit Functions
SAM - Simple Asynchronous Messaging
Satellite CORBA client extension [deprecated]
SCA Functions
SDO Functions
SDO XML Data Access Service Functions
SDO Relational Data Access Service Functions
SESAM Database Functions
PostgreSQL Session Save Handler
Session Handling Functions
Shared Memory Functions
SimpleXML functions
SNMP Functions
SOAP Functions
Socket Functions
Standard PHP Library (SPL) Functions
SQLite Functions
SQLite Functions (PDO_SQLITE)
Secure Shell2 Functions
Statistics Functions
Stream Functions
String Functions
Subversion Functions
Shockwave Flash Functions
Swish Functions
Sybase Functions
TCP Wrappers Functions
Tidy Functions
Tokenizer Functions
Unicode Functions
URL Functions
Variable Handling Functions
Verisign Payflow Pro Functions
vpopmail Functions
W32api Functions
WDDX Functions
win32ps Functions
win32service Functions
xattr Functions
xdiff Functions
XML Parser Functions
XML-RPC Functions
XMLReader functions
XMLWriter Functions
XSL functions
XSLT Functions
YAZ Functions
YP/NIS Functions
Zip File Functions
Zlib Compression Functions
eXTReMe Tracker