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PHP : Function Reference : MySQL Functions : mysql_affected_rows


Get number of affected rows in previous MySQL operation (PHP 4, PHP 5, PECL mysql:1.0)
int mysql_affected_rows ( [resource link_identifier] )

Example 1411. mysql_affected_rows() example

= mysql_connect('localhost', 'mysql_user', 'mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
'Could not connect: ' . mysql_error());

/* this should return the correct numbers of deleted records */
mysql_query('DELETE FROM mytable WHERE id < 10');
printf("Records deleted: %d\n", mysql_affected_rows());

/* with a where clause that is never true, it should return 0 */
mysql_query('DELETE FROM mytable WHERE 0');
printf("Records deleted: %d\n", mysql_affected_rows());

The above example will output something similar to:

Records deleted: 10
Records deleted: 0

Example 1412. mysql_affected_rows() example using transactions

= mysql_connect('localhost', 'mysql_user', 'mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
'Could not connect: ' . mysql_error());

/* Update records */
mysql_query("UPDATE mytable SET used=1 WHERE id < 10");
printf ("Updated records: %d\n", mysql_affected_rows());

The above example will output something similar to:

Updated Records: 10

Related Examples ( Source code ) » mysql_affected_rows

Code Examples / Notes » mysql_affected_rows


| If you need to know the actual count of rows,
| even if some update changed nothing add a field
| count int(11) and add | one on every update, like in:
| mysql_query("update table set count=count+1, ...");
| if (mysql_affected_rows()==0) {
|  mysql_query("insert into table ...");
| }
Better: add a field `flag` tinyint(1) unsigned default '0'
on every update: "update table set flag=1-flag, ..."


You can use following code for choosing update or insert.
if( $arr[1] == 0 ) // a number of matched rows is 0
{ insert query...}


using PHP/MySql -There is an alternate way to get the rows returned -
for non-critical use i suppose--due to its oversimplified approach.
You can simply intialize a variable to the integer value of 0, and then, inside of the "while" loop that returns the rows
of your query, you increment that variable and then print out the final value of that variable outside of that "while" loop.
Or, you could print the variable within each iteration if you want to give each row returned [ as in a chart where you
need to provide line numbers ]
$sql = "SELECT * FROM YourTable
ORDER BY Last_Name";
$result = @mysql_query($sql, $connection) or die("Could not execute query.");
$i = 0; // we will use variable $i as a returned row counter.
while ($row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) {
$First_Name = $row['First_Name'];
$Last_Name = $row['Last_Name'];
$num_rows = mysql_num_rows($result);
//To show the rows number by number
echo "Member no. $i $First_Name $Last_Name < br >";
// the < br > is an actual HTML line break
// which is not allowed on posting these notes,
// to use it, close up the spaces between the < and the >
// above echo statement will produce the results below if 3 rows were returned:
//  Member no. 1 John Jones
//  Member no. 2 Mary Smith
//  Member no. 3 Nancy Steffan
 echo "$i Rows Returned from query.";
// above statement will produce:
//    3 Rows Returned from query.
Hope this helps-- again,
this is a simplified approach.
take care;


Using OPTIMIZE TABLE will also return true.
So, if you want to check the numbers of deleted records, use mysql_affected_rows() before OPTIMIZE TABLE


To solve the affectedRows() issue on MySQL using PEAR::DB, simply add a 'client_flags' key with a value of 2 to your $dsn options:
$dsn = array(
   'phptype'  => 'mysql',
   'client_flags'  => 2,
   'username' => 'someuser',
   'password' => 'apasswd',
   'hostspec' => 'localhost',
   'database' => 'thedb',


1. You're using MySQL 4.1x with foreign keys.
2. You have table t2 linked to table t1 by a CASCADE ON DELETE foreign key.
3. t2 has a UNIQUE key so that duplicate records are unacceptable.
3. You have a REPLACE query on t1 followed by an INSERT query on t2 and expect the second query to fail if there's an attempted insert of a duplicate record.
You notice that the second query is not failing as you had expected even though the record being inserted is an exact duplicate of a record previously inserted.
When the first query (the REPLACE query) deletes a record from t1 in the first stage of the REPLACE operation, it cascades the delete to the record that would be duplicated in t2. The second query then does not fail because the "duplicate" record is no longer a duplicate, as the original one has just been deleted.

richard dot johnson2

RE: sng2nara's comment
I think the expression should read:
as there is nothing usually returned after the number of warnings.  The previous expression required at least 1 non-digit character after the number of warnings.


mysql_affected_rows() reports on the number of rows affected by an in-place operation on the database, but mysql_num_rows() returns the number of rows in a MySQL record set (which is held by PHP after MySQL has generated it). This means that if you can do
$a = mysql_query("SELECT ...");
$b = mysql_query("SELECT ...");
if (mysql_unm_rows($a) > mysql_num_rows($b)) print "a is larger";
else print "b is larger";
... but this does not make sense for the operations supported by mysql_affected_rows(), which reports on the status of the database connection as a whole.
Particularly note this:
$query = "UPDATE ...";
print mysql_affected_rows(); // more than 0
mysql_query($query); // same query twice
print mysql_affected_rows(); // 0.
.. this is because the 2nd time you execute the identical query, all the rows are already updated so no rows are affected the 2nd time.
I hope this clears up why mysql_num_rows() and mysql_affected_rows() are fundamentally different


mysql_affected_rows() fails with some automatic updates. An example from the PHP Black Book is that of session records updated by automatic timestamps. When you maintain the session valid time via a timestamp and use some databases including MySQL, then update the session record, the automatic timestamp update will not count as an update in mysql_affected_rows(). You have to manually update the timestamp field. In MySQL that is achieved by setting the field to nulls. If your time field is named updated, you have to include
set updated = null
Other databases require appropriate tricks and you will have to test stored procedures in your database to see if their updates count in mysql_affected_rows().


mysql_affected_rows() also reports the number of rows changed by the LOAD DATA command.  If you use the IGNORE option in LOAD DATA and you know the number of rows in the input file, you can use mysql_affected_rows() to determine the number of rows that were ignored.


My little work around for the update problem (that I ran into):
if (mysql_affected_rows()==0)  {
 $q = "select .. WHERE ...<search for what you updated>'";
 if (mysql_num_rows(mysql_query($q))==0)
   die("0 rows affected");
   echo "Record Alredy Existed";
It is probably not the best way, as I sometimes run 2 queries for the same thing, but it gets the job done.


Just a MySQL note, using REPLACE INTO on a record could return either ONE or TWO affected rows with this function.  Basically, REPLACE INTO will insert a record if no combination of unique keys is matched, or delete the existing record if the new record matches one or more unique keys, then insert the new record over it.
This is actually helpful if you want to know if a record was already in there.  (Affected rows=1 means there wasn't already a record there, Affected rows=2 means there was), but if you don't know how REPLACE INTO works it could confuse you.  I didn't see this in the notes above and hope it helps someone out.

deponti a_t tiscalinet d0t it

It works also for REPLACE query,returning:
0 if the record it's already updated (0 record modified),
1 if the record it's new (1 record inserted),
2 if the record it's updated (2 operations: 1 deletion+ 1 insertion)


If you want to delete all in table, and get number of affected rows back use a delete statment of this form:
mysql> DELETE FROM table_name WHERE 1>0;
Note that this is much slower than DELETE FROM table_name with no WHERE clause, because it deletes rows one at a time.
Source: MySQL Reference Manual "Delete Syntax"


If you use "INSERT INTO ... ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE" syntax, mysql_affected_rows() will return you 2 if the UPDATE was made (just as it does with the "REPLACE INTO" syntax) and 1 if the INSERT was.
So if you use one SQL request to insert several rows at a time, and some are inserted, some are just updated, you won't get the real count.


If you need to know the actual count of rows, even if some update changed nothing add a field count int(11) and add one on every update, like in:
mysql_query("update table set count=count+1, ...");
if (mysql_affected_rows()==0) {
 mysql_query("insert into table ...");


I see that when try to use mysql_affected_rows() with "mysql_pconnect(...)" without link indetifier as param in "mysql_affected_rows()" the result is allways -1.
When use link identifier "mysql_affected_rows($this_sql_connection)" - everything is Fine. This is is on PHP Version 5.2.0
Hope that this was helpfull for somebody


i found a pretty nice way, this db class/function will accept an array of arrays of querys, it will auto check every line for affected rows in db, if one is 0 it will rollback and return false, else it will commit and return true, the call to the function is simple and is easy to read etc
class MySQLDB
  private $connection;          // The MySQL database connection
  /* Class constructor */
  function MySQLDB(){
     /* Make connection to database */
     $this->connection = mysql_connect(DB_SERVER, DB_USER, DB_PASS) or die(mysql_error());
     mysql_select_db(DB_NAME, $this->connection) or die(mysql_error());
  /* Transactions functions */
  function begin(){
   $null = mysql_query("START TRANSACTION", $this->connection);
     return mysql_query("BEGIN", $this->connection);
  function commit(){
     return mysql_query("COMMIT", $this->connection);
  function rollback(){
     return mysql_query("ROLLBACK", $this->connection);
  function transaction($q_array){
   $retval = 1;
   foreach($q_array as $qa){
      $result = mysql_query($qa['query'], $this->connection);
      if(mysql_affected_rows() == 0){ $retval = 0; }
     if($retval == 0){
        return false;
        return true;
/* Create database connection object */
$database = new MySQLDB;
// then from anywhere else simply put the transaction queries in an array or arrays like this:
  function function(){
     global $database;
     $q = array (
        array("query" => "UPDATE table WHERE something = 'something'"),
        array("query" => "UPDATE table WHERE something_else = 'something_else'"),
        array("query" => "DELETE FROM table WHERE something_else2 = 'something_else2'"),

gabriel dot preda

$w = "insert into...";
$q = mysql_query($w) or die('mortua est'); // 1433 times
print mysql_affected_rows($cnex); // prints 1433
$w = "insert into...";
$q = mysql_query($w) or die('mortua est'); // 1433 times
@mysql_query("SELECT a FROM b LIMIT x"); //
print mysql_affected_rows($cnex); // prints x
It appears that php's "mysql_affected_rows" calls mysql's "mysql_affected_rows"... witch says:
"For SELECT statements, mysql_affected_rows() works like mysql_num_rows().
mysql_affected_rows() is currently implemented as a macro."


"Note: When using UPDATE, MySQL will not update columns where the new value is the same as the old value.  This creates the possiblity that mysql_affected_rows() may not actually equal the number of rows matched, only the number of rows that were literally affected by the query."
As of PHP 4.3.0 (I assume, I only tried with 4.3.2), you can make mysql_affected_rows() return the number of rows matched, even if none are updated.
You do this by setting the CLIENT_FOUND_ROWS flag in mysql_connect(). For some reason, not all the flags are defined in PHP, but you can use the decimal equivalent, which for CLIENT_FOUND_ROWS is 2.
So, for example:
$db= mysql_connect("localhost", "user", "pass", false, 2);
mysql_select_db("mydb", $db);
$query= "UPDATE ...";
print mysql_affected_rows(); // more than 0
mysql_query($query); // same query twice
print mysql_affected_rows(); // still more than 0

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