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PHP : Function Reference : Ncurses Terminal Screen Control Functions

Ncurses Terminal Screen Control Functions


ncurses (new curses) is a free software emulation of curses in System V Rel 4.0 (and above). It uses terminfo format, supports pads, colors, multiple highlights, form characters and function key mapping. Because of the interactive nature of this library, it will be of little use for writing Web applications, but may be useful when writing scripts meant using PHP from the command line.


This extension is EXPERIMENTAL. The behaviour of this extension -- including the names of its functions and anything else documented about this extension -- may change without notice in a future release of PHP. Use this extension at your own risk.

Ncurses is available for the following platforms:

  • AIX

  • BeOS

  • Cygwin

  • Digital Unix (aka OSF1)

  • FreeBSD

  • GNU/Linux

  • HPUX

  • IRIX

  • OS/2

  • SCO OpenServer

  • Solaris

  • SunOS


This extension has been moved to the » PECL repository and is no longer bundled with PHP as of PHP 6.0.0


You need the ncurses libraries and headerfiles. Download the latest version from the » or from an other GNU-Mirror.


To get these functions to work, you have to compile the CGI or CLI version of PHP with --with-ncurses[=DIR].

Runtime Configuration

This extension has no configuration directives defined in php.ini.

Resource Types

This extension defines window, panel and pad resources.

Predefined Constants

The constants below are defined by this extension, and will only be available when the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime.

Error codes

On error ncurses functions return NCURSES_ERR.


Table 195. ncurses color constants

constant meaning
NCURSES_COLOR_BLACK no color (black)
NCURSES_COLOR_RED red - supported when terminal is in color mode
NCURSES_COLOR_GREEN green - supported when terminal is in color mode
NCURSES_COLOR_YELLOW yellow - supported when terminal is in color mode
NCURSES_COLOR_BLUE blue - supported when terminal is in color mode
NCURSES_COLOR_CYAN cyan - supported when terminal is in color mode
NCURSES_COLOR_MAGENTA magenta - supported when terminal is in color mode


Table 196. ncurses key constants

constant meaning
NCURSES_KEY_F0 - NCURSES_KEY_F64 function keys F1 - F64
NCURSES_KEY_HOME home key (upward+left arrow)
NCURSES_KEY_DL delete line
NCURSES_KEY_IL insert line
NCURSES_KEY_DC delete character
NCURSES_KEY_IC insert char or enter insert mode
NCURSES_KEY_EIC exit insert char mode
NCURSES_KEY_CLEAR clear screen
NCURSES_KEY_EOS clear to end of screen
NCURSES_KEY_EOL clear to end of line
NCURSES_KEY_SF scroll one line forward
NCURSES_KEY_SR scroll one line backward
NCURSES_KEY_PPAGE previous page
NCURSES_KEY_CATAB clear all tabs
NCURSES_KEY_SRESET soft (partial) reset
NCURSES_KEY_RESET reset or hard reset
NCURSES_KEY_LL lower left
NCURSES_KEY_A1 upper left of keypad
NCURSES_KEY_A3 upper right of keypad
NCURSES_KEY_B2 center of keypad
NCURSES_KEY_C1 lower left of keypad
NCURSES_KEY_C3 lower right of keypad
NCURSES_KEY_SBEG shiftet beg (beginning)
NCURSES_KEY_SCANCEL shifted cancel
NCURSES_KEY_SCOMMAND shifted command
NCURSES_KEY_SCOPY shifted copy
NCURSES_KEY_SCREATE shifted create
NCURSES_KEY_SDC shifted delete char
NCURSES_KEY_SDL shifted delete line
NCURSES_KEY_SEND shifted end
NCURSES_KEY_SEOL shifted end of line
NCURSES_KEY_SEXIT shifted exit
NCURSES_KEY_SFIND shifted find
NCURSES_KEY_SHELP shifted help
NCURSES_KEY_SHOME shifted home
NCURSES_KEY_SIC shifted input
NCURSES_KEY_SLEFT shifted left arrow
NCURSES_KEY_SMESSAGE shifted message
NCURSES_KEY_SMOVE shifted move
NCURSES_KEY_SNEXT shifted next
NCURSES_KEY_SOPTIONS shifted options
NCURSES_KEY_SPREVIOUS shifted previous
NCURSES_KEY_SPRINT shifted print
NCURSES_KEY_SREDO shifted redo
NCURSES_KEY_SREPLACE shifted replace
NCURSES_KEY_SRIGHT shifted right arrow
NCURSES_KEY_SRSUME shifted resume
NCURSES_KEY_SSAVE shifted save
NCURSES_KEY_SSUSPEND shifted suspend
NCURSES_KEY_MOUSE mouse event has occurred
NCURSES_KEY_MAX maximum key value


Table 197. mouse constants

Constant meaning
NCURSES_BUTTON_CTRL ctrl pressed during click
NCURSES_BUTTON_SHIFT shift pressed during click
NCURSES_BUTTON_ALT alt pressed during click
NCURSES_ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS report all mouse events

Table of Contents

ncurses_addch — Add character at current position and advance cursor
ncurses_addchnstr — Add attributed string with specified length at current position
ncurses_addchstr — Add attributed string at current position
ncurses_addnstr — Add string with specified length at current position
ncurses_addstr — Output text at current position
ncurses_assume_default_colors — Define default colors for color 0
ncurses_attroff — Turn off the given attributes
ncurses_attron — Turn on the given attributes
ncurses_attrset — Set given attributes
ncurses_baudrate — Returns baudrate of terminal
ncurses_beep — Let the terminal beep
ncurses_bkgd — Set background property for terminal screen
ncurses_bkgdset — Control screen background
ncurses_border — Draw a border around the screen using attributed characters
ncurses_bottom_panel — Moves a visible panel to the bottom of the stack
ncurses_can_change_color — Check if we can change terminals colors
ncurses_cbreak — Switch of input buffering
ncurses_clear — Clear screen
ncurses_clrtobot — Clear screen from current position to bottom
ncurses_clrtoeol — Clear screen from current position to end of line
ncurses_color_content — Gets the RGB value for color
ncurses_color_set — Set fore- and background color
ncurses_curs_set — Set cursor state
ncurses_def_prog_mode — Saves terminals (program) mode
ncurses_def_shell_mode — Saves terminals (shell) mode
ncurses_define_key — Define a keycode
ncurses_del_panel — Remove panel from the stack and delete it (but not the associated window)
ncurses_delay_output — Delay output on terminal using padding characters
ncurses_delch — Delete character at current position, move rest of line left
ncurses_deleteln — Delete line at current position, move rest of screen up
ncurses_delwin — Delete a ncurses window
ncurses_doupdate — Write all prepared refreshes to terminal
ncurses_echo — Activate keyboard input echo
ncurses_echochar — Single character output including refresh
ncurses_end — Stop using ncurses, clean up the screen
ncurses_erase — Erase terminal screen
ncurses_erasechar — Returns current erase character
ncurses_filter — Set LINES for iniscr() and newterm() to 1
ncurses_flash — Flash terminal screen (visual bell)
ncurses_flushinp — Flush keyboard input buffer
ncurses_getch — Read a character from keyboard
ncurses_getmaxyx — Returns the size of a window
ncurses_getmouse — Reads mouse event
ncurses_getyx — Returns the current cursor position for a window
ncurses_halfdelay — Put terminal into halfdelay mode
ncurses_has_colors — Check if terminal has colors
ncurses_has_ic — Check for insert- and delete-capabilities
ncurses_has_il — Check for line insert- and delete-capabilities
ncurses_has_key — Check for presence of a function key on terminal keyboard
ncurses_hide_panel — Remove panel from the stack, making it invisible
ncurses_hline — Draw a horizontal line at current position using an attributed character and max. n characters long
ncurses_inch — Get character and attribute at current position
ncurses_init_color — Set new RGB value for color
ncurses_init_pair — Allocate a color pair
ncurses_init — Initialize ncurses
ncurses_insch — Insert character moving rest of line including character at current position
ncurses_insdelln — Insert lines before current line scrolling down (negative numbers delete and scroll up)
ncurses_insertln — Insert a line, move rest of screen down
ncurses_insstr — Insert string at current position, moving rest of line right
ncurses_instr — Reads string from terminal screen
ncurses_isendwin — Ncurses is in endwin mode, normal screen output may be performed
ncurses_keyok — Enable or disable a keycode
ncurses_keypad — Turns keypad on or off
ncurses_killchar — Returns current line kill character
ncurses_longname — Returns terminals description
ncurses_meta — Enables/Disable 8-bit meta key information
ncurses_mouse_trafo — Transforms coordinates
ncurses_mouseinterval — Set timeout for mouse button clicks
ncurses_mousemask — Sets mouse options
ncurses_move_panel — Moves a panel so that its upper-left corner is at [startx, starty]
ncurses_move — Move output position
ncurses_mvaddch — Move current position and add character
ncurses_mvaddchnstr — Move position and add attributed string with specified length
ncurses_mvaddchstr — Move position and add attributed string
ncurses_mvaddnstr — Move position and add string with specified length
ncurses_mvaddstr — Move position and add string
ncurses_mvcur — Move cursor immediately
ncurses_mvdelch — Move position and delete character, shift rest of line left
ncurses_mvgetch — Move position and get character at new position
ncurses_mvhline — Set new position and draw a horizontal line using an attributed character and max. n characters long
ncurses_mvinch — Move position and get attributed character at new position
ncurses_mvvline — Set new position and draw a vertical line using an attributed character and max. n characters long
ncurses_mvwaddstr — Add string at new position in window
ncurses_napms — Sleep
ncurses_new_panel — Create a new panel and associate it with window
ncurses_newpad — Creates a new pad (window)
ncurses_newwin — Create a new window
ncurses_nl — Translate newline and carriage return / line feed
ncurses_nocbreak — Switch terminal to cooked mode
ncurses_noecho — Switch off keyboard input echo
ncurses_nonl — Do not translate newline and carriage return / line feed
ncurses_noqiflush — Do not flush on signal characters
ncurses_noraw — Switch terminal out of raw mode
ncurses_pair_content — Gets the RGB value for color
ncurses_panel_above — Returns the panel above panel
ncurses_panel_below — Returns the panel below panel
ncurses_panel_window — Returns the window associated with panel
ncurses_pnoutrefresh — Copies a region from a pad into the virtual screen
ncurses_prefresh — Copies a region from a pad into the virtual screen
ncurses_putp — Apply padding information to the string and output it
ncurses_qiflush — Flush on signal characters
ncurses_raw — Switch terminal into raw mode
ncurses_refresh — Refresh screen
ncurses_replace_panel — Replaces the window associated with panel
ncurses_reset_prog_mode — Resets the prog mode saved by def_prog_mode
ncurses_reset_shell_mode — Resets the shell mode saved by def_shell_mode
ncurses_resetty — Restores saved terminal state
ncurses_savetty — Saves terminal state
ncurses_scr_dump — Dump screen content to file
ncurses_scr_init — Initialize screen from file dump
ncurses_scr_restore — Restore screen from file dump
ncurses_scr_set — Inherit screen from file dump
ncurses_scrl — Scroll window content up or down without changing current position
ncurses_show_panel — Places an invisible panel on top of the stack, making it visible
ncurses_slk_attr — Returns current soft label key attribute
ncurses_slk_attroff — Turn off the given attributes for soft function-key labels
ncurses_slk_attron — Turn on the given attributes for soft function-key labels
ncurses_slk_attrset — Set given attributes for soft function-key labels
ncurses_slk_clear — Clears soft labels from screen
ncurses_slk_color — Sets color for soft label keys
ncurses_slk_init — Initializes soft label key functions
ncurses_slk_noutrefresh — Copies soft label keys to virtual screen
ncurses_slk_refresh — Copies soft label keys to screen
ncurses_slk_restore — Restores soft label keys
ncurses_slk_set — Sets function key labels
ncurses_slk_touch — Forces output when ncurses_slk_noutrefresh is performed
ncurses_standend — Stop using 'standout' attribute
ncurses_standout — Start using 'standout' attribute
ncurses_start_color — Start using colors
ncurses_termattrs — Returns a logical OR of all attribute flags supported by terminal
ncurses_termname — Returns terminals (short)-name
ncurses_timeout — Set timeout for special key sequences
ncurses_top_panel — Moves a visible panel to the top of the stack
ncurses_typeahead — Specify different filedescriptor for typeahead checking
ncurses_ungetch — Put a character back into the input stream
ncurses_ungetmouse — Pushes mouse event to queue
ncurses_update_panels — Refreshes the virtual screen to reflect the relations between panels in the stack
ncurses_use_default_colors — Assign terminal default colors to color id -1
ncurses_use_env — Control use of environment information about terminal size
ncurses_use_extended_names — Control use of extended names in terminfo descriptions
ncurses_vidattr — Display the string on the terminal in the video attribute mode
ncurses_vline — Draw a vertical line at current position using an attributed character and max. n characters long
ncurses_waddch — Adds character at current position in a window and advance cursor
ncurses_waddstr — Outputs text at current postion in window
ncurses_wattroff — Turns off attributes for a window
ncurses_wattron — Turns on attributes for a window
ncurses_wattrset — Set the attributes for a window
ncurses_wborder — Draws a border around the window using attributed characters
ncurses_wclear — Clears window
ncurses_wcolor_set — Sets windows color pairings
ncurses_werase — Erase window contents
ncurses_wgetch — Reads a character from keyboard (window)
ncurses_whline — Draws a horizontal line in a window at current position using an attributed character and max. n characters long
ncurses_wmouse_trafo — Transforms window/stdscr coordinates
ncurses_wmove — Moves windows output position
ncurses_wnoutrefresh — Copies window to virtual screen
ncurses_wrefresh — Refresh window on terminal screen
ncurses_wstandend — End standout mode for a window
ncurses_wstandout — Enter standout mode for a window
ncurses_wvline — Draws a vertical line in a window at current position using an attributed character and max. n characters long

Code Examples / Notes » ref.ncurses


With your CGI version of PHP compiled with ncurses support, console apps are amazingly easy!
For example:
whack the following into a file, chmod +x it, and run it.
#!/usr/local/bin/php -q
ncurses_border(25,25,18,18,24,24,23,23); // Do a lovely border
ncurses_move(1,1); // Start top left(inside border)
ncurses_addstr("Welcome to NCurses");
ncurses_addstr(" with PHP!");
ncurses_refresh(); // Send buffer to screen
ncurses_end(); // Clean up, and quit
You'll notice the second addstr simply tacks onto the first.

habib valanejad

What if you want to draw a new window and after removing it, showing the pervious screen again? Unfortunately, there is no such a thing in php/ncurses as there is in original curses library (touchwin if I'm not mistaken - It has been a long time!).
However, you can do this by a simple trick! You can
dump the screen to a temp file and then restore it back
Take a look at this function:
# Function: show_a_win()
# - Displays a small window and writes something in it.
# - waits for a key
# - shows the pervious screen again
function show_a_win()
  # Dump the current screen into a temp file:
  $tmpfile = tempnam("/tmp", "dump.");
  # Create a new window.
  $newwin = ncurses_newwin(4, 60, 10, 10);
  # Write something and then refresh it
  ncurses_mvwaddstr($newwin, 1, 1, "This is a test.");
  # Wait for a key
  ncurses_delwin($newwin);  /* delete the window */
  /* Restore the screen the same way it was before entering
   * into the function:
  unlink($tmpfile);   /* Remove temp file */


To determine screen width and height without any external (OS specific) commands, I use:
$fullscreen = ncurses_newwin ( 0, 0, 0, 0);
echo "Width:$b\nHeight:$a\n";


This is not meant as spam to get people to use my client.
I have been working on a PHP4 IRC client with ncurses interface and I think it is a useful example of how ncurses with php could be used.
It is GPL licensed so you can just go and take a loot at it.
It can be found at or
I hope this will help out some of you because php ncurses can be quite difficult I experienced :]
For any questions about the code you can ofcourse just mail me.


This is from the examples that come with the latest release.
I found this useful...
for ($x=0; $x<80; $x++) {
for ($y=0; $y<24; $y++) {


There is a simple ncurses application in the PHP source tree. See


See the documentation for ncurses_border and ncurses_wrefresh for some more examples of doing windowing and dynamic sizing.. I also posted some information to the code-gallery for doing ncurses under php.


russian speakers can find a practice php+ncurses faq with some useful samples here


Not calling ncurses_end() can (will) cause issues with terminals. Although registering a shutdown function which includes ncurses_end() may help, sometimes things go awry and you're stuck with a terminal that is acting in strange ways.
This can be fixed! *NIX systems (FreeBSD, Linux, UNIX, et al.) usually support the 'reset' command which resets the terminal settings and allows you to get things back to normal.


new version of PHP ncurses FAQ is here:


just an other ncurses tetris ...
In php with lib_ncurses of course ..
Cyril Feraudet

25-mar-2003 03:18

In the example above, if you run resize from a C shell it will output the sizes in C shell syntax, run resize with -u to force Bourne syntax:
The $win parameter is just for future compatibility.
function ncurses_getmaxyx($win, &$y, &$x)
       exec("/usr/X11R6/bin/resize -u", $output);
       $cols = explode("=", $output[0]);
       $rows = explode("=", $output[1]);
       $x = intval($cols[1]);
       $y = intval($rows[1]);


I noticed a lack of a getxy() function so I wrote one.
You may need to change the path for your resize cmd.
function getxy(){
$rez = `/usr/X11R6/bin/resize`;
$rez = explode("\n",$rez);
if(trim($a[0])=="COLUMNS"){ $COLUMNS = $a[1]; }
if(trim($a[0])=="LINES"){ $LINES = $a[1]; }
  return $retval;

habib valanejad

I had a small problem building php+ncurses support.
ncurses include files were installed in:
This caused problems when building php with ncurse support.
php was looking for include files in:
However, include files were located in include/ncurses
I had to make symbolic links of files in ncurses directory so php could see them:
# cd ncurses_insalled_directory/include
# ln -s ncurses/* .
After that it worked.

krzysztof dot gorzelak

Here is a small example, how to use STDIN to read keys combinations in console.
$stdin = fopen('php://stdin', 'r');
stream_set_timeout($stdin, 1);
while (1) {
   while (1) {
     if(stream_select($read = array($stdin), $write = NULL, $except = NULL, 0))
       $temp .= ord(fgetc($stdin));
     else break;
   // F1 : $temp == 27914949126
   // ALT+F1 : $temp = 2727914949126
   // ....


Here is a more complex example, I wrote:

habib valanejad

Here is a function which would do the job for missing
ncurses_wclrtoeol() function:
/* wclrtoeol()
* Erases  the  current line to the right of the cursor
function wclrtoeol($win)
  # get current position
  ncurses_getyx($win, &$crow, &$ccol);
  # get maximum row and col for this window:
  ncurses_getmaxyx($win, &$max_row, &$max_col);
  for ($col = $ccol; $col < $max_col; $col ++){
     ncurses_wmove($win, $crow, $col);
     ncurses_waddch($win, 32);


Here is a function that takes an associative array, presents a menu in a new window, allows the user to make a choice using up and down arrows and the enter key, and returns the value of the menu item.
Limitations include:
No way of scrolling a long list, either horiontally or vertically;
No arguments for placement on screen, although this is easy to add;
No multiple selection;
Will produce all kinds of errors and warnings if the terminal is smaller than is necessary to create the window.
I'm very new at using the ncurses library; Comments and improvements would be greatly appreciated!
* Create a simple selection menu
* @param array Associative array; The value will be shown on the menu, while the key will be returned when the associated value is selected.
* @return mixed
function ncurses_menu_select( $menu ) {
       $keys = array_keys( $menu );
       $values = array_values( $menu );
       $height = $width = 0;
       $height = count( $menu ) + 2;
       foreach( $values as $value ) {
               $width = max( $width, strlen( $value ) + 2 );
       $menu_window = ncurses_newwin( $height, $width, 5, 5 );
       ncurses_wborder( $menu_window, 0,0, 0,0, 0,0, 0,0 );
       $current = 0;
       for( $a = 0; $a < count( $values ); $a++ ) {
               if ( $a == $current ) {
                       ncurses_wattron( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $a, 1, $values[ $a ] );
                       ncurses_wattroff( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
               } else {
                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $a, 1, $values[ $a ] );
       ncurses_wrefresh( $menu_window );
       while( ! in_array( $key = ncurses_getch( $menu_window ), array( 13, 10 ) ) ) {
               if ( $key == NCURSES_KEY_UP AND $current > 0 ) {
                       $move = -1;
               } else if ( $key == NCURSES_KEY_DOWN and $current < count( $values ) - 1 ) {
                       $move = 1;
               } else {
                       $move = 0;
               ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $current, 1, $values[ $current ] );
               $current += $move;
               ncurses_wattron( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
               ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $current, 1, $values[ $current ] );
               ncurses_wattroff( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
               ncurses_wrefresh( $menu_window );
       ncurses_delwin( $menu_window );
       return $keys[ $current ];
Example Use:
// Initialie ncurses
$ncurse = ncurses_init();
// A full screen window
$fullscreen = ncurses_newwin ( 0, 0, 0, 0);
// Add a pretty border
ncurses_border(0,0, 0,0, 0,0, 0,0);
// Draw everything so far
// Set up menu array
$menu_items = array(
       'one'   => 'Menu Item #1',
       'two'   => 'Menu Item #2',
       'three' => 'Menu Item #3' );
// Display menu and return selection
$selection = ncurses_menu_select( $menu_items );
// Print selection
ncurses_mvaddstr( 1, 1, 'You selected ' . $menu_items[$selection] . ' with the value ' . $selection );
// Draw updates
ncurses_refresh( $fullscreen );
// End

habib valanejad

For those of you who want to check if <ENTER> key is passed,
you have to check the key agains both NL and CR keys:
function get_str()
  for ($str = "";;){
     $key = ncurses_getch();
     switch ($key){
       case 10:   // newline
       case 13:   // Carrige Return
          $str .= chr($key);
     } // switch
  } // for
} // get_str()
Hope that would help.


An implementation of a scrolling selection box:
function ncurses_menu_select( $options, $values, $max_height = 7, $max_width = 20, $y = 2, $x = 2 ) {
       // Size inside of borders
       $height = $max_height - 2;
       $width  = $max_width  - 2;
       // Number of options
       $num_options = count( $options );
       // Trim all values to fit
       foreach( $options as $key => $value ) {
               $options[ $key ] = substr( $value, 0, $width );
       // Create Window
       $menu_window = ncurses_newwin( $max_height, $max_width, $y, $x );
       ncurses_wborder( $menu_window, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 );
       // Initialize Window
       $current = 0; // Currently selected
       $position = 1; // Position in list
       $topitem = 0; // Top menu item
       for ( $a = 0; $a < min( $height, $num_options ); $a++ ) {
               if ( $a == $current ) {
                       ncurses_wattron( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $a, 1, $options[ $a ] );
                       ncurses_wattroff( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
               } else {
                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $a, 1, $options[ $a ] );
       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1, 0, '*' );
       ncurses_wrefresh( $menu_window );
       // Loop until a selection is made
       while( ! in_array( $key = ncurses_getch( $menu_window ), array( 13, 10 ) ) ) {
               if ( $key == NCURSES_KEY_UP && $current > 0 ) {
                       $move = -1;
               } else if ( $key == NCURSES_KEY_DOWN && $current < $num_options - 1 ) {
                       $move = 1;
               } else {
               $current += $move;
               $position += $move;
               // If we scroll off the window, redraw items.
               if ( $position < 1 || $position > $height ) {
                       if ( $position < 1 ) {
                               $position = 1;
                       } else {
                               $position = $height;
                       $topitem += $move;
                       for ( $a = 1; $a <= $height; $a++ ) {
                               ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, $a, 1, str_repeat( ' ', $width ) );
                               if ( $a == $position ) {
                                       ncurses_wattron( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
                                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, $a, 1, $options[ $topitem + $a - 1 ] );
                                       ncurses_wattroff( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
                               } else {
                                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, $a, 1, $options[ $topitem + $a - 1 ] );
               } else { // Just update changed items
                       ncurses_wattron( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, $position, 1, $options[ $current ] );
                       ncurses_wattroff( $menu_window, NCURSES_A_REVERSE );
                       ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, $position - $move, 1, $options[ $current - $move ] );
               // Update 'scroll bar dot'
               ncurses_wborder( $menu_window, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 );
               $dot_position = round ( ( $current / $num_options ) * ( $height - 1 ) );
               ncurses_mvwaddstr( $menu_window, 1 + $dot_position, 0, '*' );
               ncurses_wrefresh( $menu_window );
       return $values[ $current ];


actually *that* example does not work...
here is one that I took and trimmed down from the ncurses examples.
I will do some more and post them here..
   $large = ncurses_newwin(20, 60, 2, 10);
   $small = ncurses_newwin(10, 30, 7, 25);
   ncurses_mvwaddstr($small, 5, 5, "   Test  String   ");
ncurses_end(); // Clean up, and quit
This is from PHP 4.3.0RC0 compiled with the following flags..
./configure --prefix=/wwwroot/php --with-config-file-path=/wwwroot/php --with-mysql --enable-pcntl --with-tsrm-pthreads --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --with-curl --enable-bcmath --enable-sigchild --enable-sockets --with-ncurses


A simple article I wrote about php-ncurses:


A nice introductory PHP + Ncurses tutorial can be seen here:

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